Collective Insights Blog by Sara Adães, Ph.D.

Cutting-Edge Science: Is More Sleep The New Secret Sauce to Weight Loss?

Cutting-Edge Science: Is More Sleep The New Secret Sauce to Weight Loss?

Could getting more sleep help you lose weight? A 2022 study set out to answer that question. Here’s what you need to know.

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How Psychobiotics Support the Gut-Brain Connection

How Psychobiotics Support the Gut-Brain Connection

Can psychobiotics really influence brain activity in ways that may support cognition, healthy stress responses, mood, and emotional regulation?

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Brain Fog Taking Over Your Life? 5 Reasons Why According to a Neuroscientist

Brain Fog Taking Over Your Life? 5 Reasons Why According to a Neuroscientist

Brain fog is not a medical condition; it’s a clue that suggests there may be something interfering with your mental performance. Here are five factors that contribute to brain fog, according to a neuroscientist.

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Reticular Activating System: How The Brain Manages Energy With Selective Focus

Reticular Activating System: How The Brain Manages Energy With Selective Focus

Everyone can benefit from acquiring a general understanding of our innate Reticular Activating System, as it is central to how, when, and why we focus on something.

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Senescence in Skin Aging — How Qualia Senolytic May Support Skin Youthfulness

Senescence in Skin Aging — How Qualia Senolytic May Support Skin Youthfulness

Cellular senescence is a state of irreversible growth arrest that turns functional cells into zombie cells. These senescent cells occur in all types of tissues and organs and the skin is no exception.

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What is Neuroplasticity?—Mechanisms of Functional and Structural Brain Plasticity

What is Neuroplasticity?—Mechanisms of Functional and Structural Brain Plasticity

Deep dive into the main mechanisms of functional and structural brain plasticity.

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Rewire Your Brain: Science-Backed Methods to Boost Neuroplasticity

Rewire Your Brain: Science-Backed Methods to Boost Neuroplasticity

Science-backed tools and techniques to help you harness neuroplasticity and improve cognitive performance.

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Qualia Skin: The Building of a Comprehensive Supplement for Better Skin

Qualia Skin: The Building of a Comprehensive Supplement for Better Skin

There is an organ that we often take for granted and whose importance should probably be more acknowledged: the skin.

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Qualia Skin Survey Results

Qualia Skin Survey Results

This study aimed to assess whether Qualia Skin, by providing skin nourishment from within and supporting comprehensive skin health and healthy skin aging, would change participant satisfaction and self-ratings of aspects of the skin’s feel and appearance.

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Biohacking for Better Skin: Understanding Skin Aging Mechanisms

Biohacking for Better Skin: Understanding Skin Aging Mechanisms

Understanding the main aspects of skin health, the major processes and pathways of healthy skin physiology, and the mechanisms of skin aging is essential to learning how to keep the skin healthy and youthful.

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Biohacking for Better Skin: Factors That Influence Skin Health and Aging

Biohacking for Better Skin: Factors That Influence Skin Health and Aging

The best way to understand how to keep the skin healthy and youthful is by understanding what are the factors that impact skin health and aging, which is what we’ll explore in this article.

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Biohacking for Better Skin: Understanding The Structure and Function of The Skin

Biohacking for Better Skin: Understanding The Structure and Function of The Skin

The skin is a special organ that combines the body’s major systems: circulatory, nervous, muscular, immune, endocrine. It is a barrier that protects us against the threats in our environment, but it is also a sensory organ that allows us to perceive the outside world. Read on to understand both the structure and function of the skin.

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Why Does Mitochondrial Health Affect Aging? 4 Science-Backed Ways to Rejuvenate Mitochondria

Why Does Mitochondrial Health Affect Aging? 4 Science-Backed Ways to Rejuvenate Mitochondria

Selectively eliminating dysfunctional mitochondria (mitophagy) and replacing them with new mitochondria (mitochondrial biogenesis) helps us stay biologically younger. But what exactly are the functions of mitochondria and how does mitochondrial health affect aging?

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Qualia Vision: The Building of a Comprehensive Eye Support Stack

Qualia Vision: The Building of a Comprehensive Eye Support Stack

Being fully aware of the hurdles of screen time—we spend as much time looking at screens as anyone else—we wanted to create a product that would support and protect the health, resistance, and resilience of the visual system. We designed Qualia Vision to help our eyes cope with the challenges of the digital age hose a set of ingredients that could support visual health and performance.

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How Does Blue Light Affect Our Eyes? Understanding The Mechanisms of Blue Light Stress

How Does Blue Light Affect Our Eyes? Understanding The Mechanisms of Blue Light Stress

Learn what blue light is and if it’s bad for our eyes.

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What Are Nootropics?

What Are Nootropics?

Nootropics are substances that enhance cognitive function and performance. Nootropics have become increasingly popular in recent years but you might still have questions about the science surrounding nootropics. If so, this article is for you.

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How Metabolism Supports Immunity

How Metabolism Supports Immunity

Immunometabolism is the crosstalk between metabolic and immunological processes. Mitochondria, the cellular structures that generate cell energy, are key elements in the crosstalk between metabolic and immune signaling pathways. 

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What Is Insulin? Understanding The Role of Insulin in Metabolism and Healthy Aging

What Is Insulin? Understanding The Role of Insulin in Metabolism and Healthy Aging

Insulin is a hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas with a central role in the regulation of metabolism and cell energy reserves. The major metabolic action of insulin is to regulate blood glucose levels and to promote the storage of energy substrates as macromolecules that can be mobilized between meals or in contexts of high energy demand.

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What Is Oxidative Phosphorylation?

What Is Oxidative Phosphorylation?

Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) is the major pathway of ATP production. ATP is the energy-rich molecule that powers cellular processes that require energy input. OXPHOS occurs in mitochondria and uses energy extracted in the metabolism of cellular fuels, particularly in glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, and the citric acid cycle, to power the production of ATP.

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How Does The Immune System Work? Part 2: The Adaptive Immune System

How Does The Immune System Work? Part 2: The Adaptive Immune System

The adaptive immune system is responsible for the more complex and optimized immune responses that develop when innate immunity is insufficient to manage a threat. It is the specific immunity we acquire over time as the immune system is challenged with new antigens and learns to deal with them.

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What Is The Citric Acid Cycle?

What Is The Citric Acid Cycle?

The citric acid cycle, also known as the Krebs cycle or tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, is a circular loop rotating through eight organic acid intermediates (e.g., citrate, malate, oxaloacetate). This cycle plays a critical role in moving cell energy production forward, because it is the first pathway of the final stage of energy extraction from nutrients, in which carbon units are fully oxidized. The intermediate products formed in this cycle are also used to build molecules including proteins, DNA, and RNA.

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What Is Fatty Acid Oxidation? How Cells Use Fats to Make Energy (ATP)

What Is Fatty Acid Oxidation? How Cells Use Fats to Make Energy (ATP)

Fatty acids are an important fuel for the generation of cell energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Fatty acid oxidation, also known as beta-oxidation, is the metabolic pathway of fatty acid breakdown for energy production. Fatty acids are the primary source of energy for the heart (i.e., the cardiac muscle) and skeletal muscle during rest or moderate physical activity.

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What is Glycolysis? Where Glycolysis Takes Place, Definition, and Steps of the Glycolysis Pathway.

What is Glycolysis? Where Glycolysis Takes Place, Definition, and Steps of the Glycolysis Pathway.

Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that breaks down the carbohydrate glucose to produce cell energy in the form of ATP. Glycolysis generates ATP directly, as a product of the pathway’s chemical reactions, and indirectly, using energy generated by electrons extracted from the chemical bonds of glucose. In the human body, glucose is the preferred fuel for the vast majority of cells.

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Antiviral Immunity: Understanding Viruses and How the Immune System Responds to Viral Infections

Antiviral Immunity: Understanding Viruses and How the Immune System Responds to Viral Infections

Viruses are everywhere cellular life is present, often in unfathomable numbers. They mutate very often, frequently by recombining with other viruses. This means that new viruses are constantly being generated.

As we’ll learn in this article, viruses are very simple, but despite their simplicity, they are very effective and impressive little creatures. We’ll also learn how our immune system rises to the challenge.   

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How Does the Immune System Work? Part 1: An Exploration of the Functions, Responses, and Processes of the Innate Immune System

How Does the Immune System Work? Part 1: An Exploration of the Functions, Responses, and Processes of the Innate Immune System

The immune system is the collection of cells, tissues, and molecules that work together to recognize the healthy cells that make up the body, and protect us against the unfamiliar or damaged. 

The immune system monitors our body continuously searching for certain categories of things that may threaten our health: infectious microbes, viruses, fungi, and parasites (i.e., germs or pathogens); toxic cellular products; and damaged or diseased cells, including senescent or tumor cells.

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